The Subki family

At least a dozen of them were famous for their learning and excellence of character. They held the highest civil positions of the Moslem world as head qadis of Cairo and Damascus, preachers at the Umawi mosque in Damascus and professors of the great schools of  learning in both cities. Of most lasting fame however among all the Subkis are Taqi al-Din (d. 756 H.) and his son Taj al-Din (d. 771 H.), who taught at all the higher schools of learning in Damascus, and  were heads of the Dar al-Hadith al-Ashrafiyya.

The Subki family grave is at the foot of the Qasiun mountain. 

Taqi al-Din al-Subki
Taj al-Din al Subki

David W. Myhram / Hani al-Khatib: "Taj al-Sin al-Subki" (article about the Subki family)

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Taqi al-Din al-Subki (756 H.)

One of the greatest scholars of his time, equally renowned as traditionist, Shafi`i jurisconsult, interpreter of al-Qur’an, theologian, philosopher, logician and grammarian. He was a student of Ibn `Ata Allah al-Iskandari. Born in Subk in the south of Egypt in 673, studied in Cairo, then taught at the various great schools of learning in Cairo. In 739 H. he was called  to Damascus to take the office of head qadi, an office which he held for 16 years, while teaching at the higher schools of Damascus. His books were considered authoritative, regardless of what science he wrote in.

Source: Myhram / Khatib

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Taj al-Din al-Subki (d. 771 H.)
Son of Taqi al-Din al-Subki, "the mujtahid of the world" in his time, he was a pillar of the Shafi`ite and ahs`ari orthodoxy, strongly opposing innovations. He was born in Cario, received his higher education in Damascus, where he studied with al-Mizzi (d. 742 H.), al-Dhahabi (d. 748 H.), Zainab bint al-Kamal (d. 740 H.), Shams al-Din ibn al-Naqib (d. 745 H.) and many others. Excelled young, teaching at all the higher institutes of Damauscus, then succeded his father as head qadi of Damascus and preacher in the in the Umawi mosque. Passed away at the age of 44. His most famous works are Jam` al-Jawami` and al-Tabakat.

David W. Myhram/Hani al-Khatib: "Taj al-Din al-Subki"

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